In the Fall of 1909, the National Negro Committee in New York (which, in 1910, changed the name to the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People) held a meeting in Boston to bring together persons interested in civil rights for “colored” Americans. From this meeting came the Boston Committee to Advance the Cause of the Negro. This committee grew in membership and activity during 1910 and 1911. When the NAACP's Second Annual Conference was held at the Park Street Church in Boston in 1911, Boston was recognized at the first Branch of the organization.
“To uplift the colored men and women of this country by securing to them the full enjoyment of their rights as citizens, justice in all courts, and equality of opportunity everywhere”
Over the years, the activities and accomplishments of the Boston Branch have been significant and varied. The problems and issues faced, and the strategies used, have changed and varied from year to year, only to reappear and reappear again.